September is Childhood Cancer Awareness Month is a time to shine the light on the realities of childhood cancer, emphasizing the importance of life-saving research, and join together to make a difference for children diagnosed. The situation is urgent – incidence rates are rising, and cancer remains the leading cause of death by disease for children.
Cancer is a leading cause of death for children and adolescents around the world and approximately 300,000 children aged 0 to 19 years old are diagnosed with cancer each year.
The most common categories of childhood cancers include leukemias, brain cancers, lymphomas and solid tumors, such as neuroblastoma and Wilms tumor.
In high-income countries more than 80% of children with cancer are cured, but in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) only about 20% are cured.
Childhood cancer generally cannot be prevented or screened.
Improving outcomes for children with cancer requires early and accurate diagnosis followed by effective treatment.
Most childhood cancers can be cured with generic medicines and other forms of treatments including surgery and radiotherapy. Treatment of childhood cancer can be cost-effective in all income settings.
Avoidable deaths from childhood cancers in LMICs result from lack of diagnosis, misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis, obstacles to accessing care, abandonment of treatment, death from toxicity, and higher rates of relapse.
Childhood cancer data systems are needed to drive continuous improvements in the quality of care and to drive policy decisions.
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October 04 , 2020
HCG Manavata Cancer Centre, near Mylan Circle, Mumbai Naka, Nashik, Maharashtra 422002